Sleep Apnea Info

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep Apnea is a disorder in which breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted during sleep. This can cause awakenings and can compromise sleep quality. The result is daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and the potential for other health risks.

There are two types of sleep apnea, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Central Sleep Apnea (CSA). OSA occurs on a spectrum from mild (snoring) to severe (complete airway blockage). Sleep allows for muscle relaxation in the airway, which in turn allows throat structures to narrow or close. The effort to breath and overcome the blockage can cause sleep fragmentation, and negative daytime symptoms such as sleepiness and fatigue. CSA occurs when, due to several potential factors, the brain does not send the signal to breath at the correct time, leading to pauses in respiration.

2

Treatment of Sleep Apnea?

The most successful and accepted treatment for sleep apnea is a Positive Airway Pressure device. CPAP, BIPAP, or Auto-PAP are the most common. These machines deliver pressurized room air (not oxygen) to the patient via a mask interface. This air acts as an invisible splint, keeping the airway open, and delivering it to the lungs. Masks come in two main styles — nasal (interfaces with the nose only) or full face (covers the nose and mouth).

Untitled-1

What are the
Signs & Symptoms?

  •  Daytime sleepiness/fatigue
  •  Snoring, choking, or gasping
  •  Morning headaches
  •  Memory problems
  •  Irritability
  •  Depression
  •  Obesity
  •  Restless sleep

What are the
Risks?

If left untreated, sleep apnea may increase your risk of:

  •  High Blood Pressure
  •  Congestive Heart Failure
  •  Stroke
  •  Diabetes
  •  Motor-vehicle accidents